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Postneonatal mortality among normal birth weight infants in alabama usa 1980 to 1983

, : Postneonatal mortality among normal birth weight infants in alabama usa 1980 to 1983. Pediatrics 80(6): 869-872

To identify reasons for the racial differential in postneonatal deaths and possible intervention strategies, Alabama's linked birth-death file was used to evaluate causes of postneonatal mortality for the 1980 to 1983 cohorts of normal birth weight infants, Causes were aggregated into six categories, and cause-specific rates were compared by race and by urban-rural residence. Both total and cause-specific postneonatal mortality rates among black infants were two or more times higher than for white infants, except for congenital anomalies. The greatest differential was for infection-related deaths. Rural residence increased both the risk of postneonatal death and the magnitude of the racial differential. The risks were especially elevated for deaths due to infection and "systemic causes" (including those in the perinatal category). Only 26% of postneonatal deaths were probably not preventable, and nearly one third were clearly preventable. Potential prevention strategies include injury control, prevention of infectious disease, and prompt treatment of infectious diseases.


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