geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Pregnancy outcome in north american women 1. effects of diet cigarette smoking and psychological stress on maternal weight gain


, : Pregnancy outcome in north american women 1. effects of diet cigarette smoking and psychological stress on maternal weight gain. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 36(6): 1205-1213

The roles of diet, cigarette smoking and psychological stress in pregnancy weight gain were examined in 60 subjects selected by defined criteria to minimize variation in anthropometric, socioeconomic and medical variables which also affect weight gain. To maximize variation in weight gain, subjects were also selected on the basis of low weight gain (.ltoreq. 15 lb) and adequate weight gain (> 15 lb). Each weight gain group contained smokers and nonsmokers. Smokers consumed more calories than nonsmokers (2119 vs. 1810 kcal/day, P < 0.01). For nonsmokers, differences between the intakes of low weight gain (1617 kcal/day) and adequate weight gain (1905 kcal/day) women were significant (P < 0.02), and calorie intake was correlated with weight gain (r = 0.44, P < 0.02). Psychological stress negatively correlated with weight gain (r = 0.37, P < 0.01) but not with calorie intake. Low weight gain is associated with a lower food intake. Smoking and stress may cause low weight gain by reducing the utilization of calories for weight gain.

US$29.90

PMID: 7148739


Other references

Moline, M.L.; Sandlin, C., 1993: Waardenburg syndrome and meningomyelocele. American Journal of Medical Genetics 47(1): 126-126

Vangvanichyakorn K.; Bautista A.; Sun S., 1990: Catch up head growth and weight gain as predictors of developmental outcome in elbw infants bw less than 1000 gm. Pediatric Research 27(4 PART 2): 259A

Philip, R., 1977: Role of TNAI: association as an agent of change. Nursing Journal of India 68(9): 225, 228-225, 228

Colbo, MH.; Lee, RMKW.; Davies, DM.; Yang, YJ., 1979: Labro-cibarial sensilla and armature in adult black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae). A survey of the labro-cibarial sensilla and armature of 26 North American and Australian simuliid species of the genera Gymnopais, Prosimulium, Cnephia, Simulium and Austrosimulium was made using light and scanning electron microscopy. Apical sens...

Davoust, B.; Foulon, T.; Louboutin Croc, J.P.; Lahitte, J.D. de; Groslambert, P.; Groulade, P., 1991: Electrophoretic changes in serum proteins of dogs infected with Dirofilaria immitis, D. repens or both species. Serum proteins were analysed in 32 asymptomatic dogs infected with one or both nematodes and in 10 uninfected dogs. The only significant difference was in gamma globulin values, which were higher in dogs infected with D. immitis or both nematodes.

Fisichella, P.M., 2014: A synopsis of techniques for paraesophageal hernia repair: different approaches to current controversies. Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques 23(5): 423-424

Redshaw S., 1987: Pyrazolo 1 2 a 1 2 diazepines useful as antihypertensives us patent 4658024 april 14 1987. Official Gazette Of The United States Patent & Trademark Office Patents2: 1072

Konikov, A.P.; Kushko, I.V., 1957: Preparation of a crystalline erythrogenic scarlet fever toxin. A method of purification of the erthrogenic toxin was elaborated, using the native strain of Streptococcus Dochez NY5, cultivated in cellophane bags. The activity of the purified and concentrated toxin reached 300 million skin doses per ml in some...

Helmsøe-Zinck, L.; Vilsbøll, T.; Andersen, A.N., 1995: Homologous intrauterine insemination as a first choice treatment of infertility. Intrauterine insemination with husband's Percoll preparated sperm was performed in 179 couples in a total of 440 treatment cycles. A total of 60 pregnancies was obtained. The pregnancy and delivery rate was 13.6% and 9.3% per insemination cyc...

Conde, D.A.; Colchero, F.; Zarza, H.; Christensen, N.L., : Jr; Sexton, J.O.; Manterola, C.; Chavez, C.; Rivera, A.; Azuara, D.; Ceballos, G., 2010: Sex matters Modeling male and female habitat differences for jaguar conservation. Competition for mates, cub rearing, and other behaviors differ between males and females in large carnivores. Although these differences can be reflected in patterns of habitat use, gender has rarely been incorporated into habitat models. We evalu...