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Selective reminding in normal and demented aged people auditory verbal vs. visual spatial task


, : Selective reminding in normal and demented aged people auditory verbal vs. visual spatial task. Cortex 20(4): 461-478

A new test of visual spatial learning (VS) which uses the rationale of selective reminding and evaluates memory and learning of spatial positions of objects is presented. This was compared with the auditory verbal selective reminding (AV) in regard to normal aging and dementia. The performance of VS declines with age more steeply than those of AV. Factor analyses showed the performance of VS to be factorially independent of that of AV, and showed that VS can account for most of the decline in performance of normal aged people. The performance on VS of demented patients correlated well with the severity of dementia. The comparison between multi-infarct dementia and Alzheimer type dementia indicated that severe impairment of VS with relative preservation of AV is a distinctive pattern of Alzheimer type. VS is a useful tool to evaluate memory decline with aging and it can be useful in the clinical diagnosis of dementia.

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