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Serum type III procollagen propeptide levels in acromegalic patients

, : Serum type III procollagen propeptide levels in acromegalic patients. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 63(6): 1406-1410

Serum type III procollagen propeptide (PIIIP) is a reliable index of tissue collagen synthesis. Since in acromegaly there is increased collagen production, we measured serum PIIIP in acromegalic patients before any treatment (basal), during medical treatment with the somatostatin analog SMS 201-995, and after pituitary adenomectomy. In all patients, serum GH and plasma somatomedin-C (SmC) levels were also measured. Basal serum PIIIP levels were significantly (P less than 0.01) higher in acromegalic patients (mean +/- SEM, 22.7 +/- 2.1 ng/ml) than in normal subjects (n = 30; 9.7 +/- 0.5 ng/ml), and they were significantly correlated with plasma SmC values (r = 0.31; P less than 0.05). A significant (P less than 0.01) reduction in PIIIP levels occurred in patients treated with SMS 201-995 or surgery (from 24.3 +/- 2.7 to 12.4 +/- 1 ng/ml) as well as in GH and SmC levels. The maximum percent decrease in serum PIIIP was significantly correlated with those in GH (r = 0.65; P less than 0.01) and SmC (r = 0.60; P less than 0.01). Serum PIIIP levels did not change in those patients in whom neither GH nor SmC were decreased by treatment. In conclusion, serum PIIIP levels are elevated in acromegalic patients, and they decline in parallel with GH and SmC during medical or surgical treatment. Serum PIIIP measurements may be useful in the evaluation of acromegalic patients to gain information on the biological activity of GH and in monitoring the course of the disease.


PMID: 2878008

DOI: 10.1210/jcem-63-6-1406

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