geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

The atropine test in the assessment of cerebral death


, : The atropine test in the assessment of cerebral death. Revista de Chirurgie Oncologie Radiologie O R L Oftalmologie Stomatologie Seria Chirurgie 32(5): 393-397

The atropine test was performed in 20 patients of which 10 had definitive signs of cerebral clinical death, and the other 10 were comatose although they did not display the same clinical signs. The test consisted of an i.v. bolus injection of 2 mg of atropine and the monitoring of heart rate in the next 10 min. The test is considered positive when no increase in the heart rate is obtained. In all 10 patients in whom clinical cerebral death was diagnosed a positive test was found. The later evolution and biopsy examinations confirmed the irreversibility of the CNS lesions. Of the 10 controls some recovered later while additional organic disturbances occurred which led to death in the remaining ones. This preliminary result stresses the important contribution of a simple pharmacologic test when more sophisticated methods are lacking.

US$29.90


Other references

Daoutis, N.K.; Gerostathopoulos, N.E.; Efstathopoulos, D.G.; Misitizis, D.P.; Bouchlis, G.N.; Anagnostou, S.K., 1994: Microsurgical reconstruction of large nerve defects using autologous nerve grafts. Between 1986 and 1993, 643 patients with peripheral nerve trauma were treated in our clinic. Primary neurography was performed in 431 of these patients and nerve grafting in 212 patients. We present the functional results after nerve grafting in 9...

Hawley, L., 2012: Report from the British health professionals in rheumatology. Musculoskeletal Care 9(4): 245-248

Steele, C.M.; Miller, A.J., 2011: Sensory input pathways and mechanisms in swallowing: a review. Over the past 20 years, research on the physiology of swallowing has confirmed that the oropharyngeal swallowing process can be modulated, both volitionally and in response to different sensory stimuli. In this review we identify what is known re...

Poli G.; Scarelli M., 1999: New strategies for the protection of natural resources. Up to now the politics on conservation is based upon census and most programs of protection are only concerned about a collection and organization, though more and more complete and precise, of the items belonging to the categories object of prote...

Zita, G.; Neumayer, E., 1967: Brain function and cerebral scintigraphy in old age. Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift 79(1): 14-17

Hocke, C.; Hibelot, B.; D.B.rbeyrac, B.; Lasseur, C.; Leng, J.J., 1996: Systemic candidiasis during pregnancy. Semaine des Hopitaux 72(5-6): 171-174

Şekeroğlu, Zülal.Atlı.; Afan, F.; Şekeroğlu, V., 2012: Genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of doxycycline in cultured human peripheral blood lymphocytes. Doxycycline (DOX) is a broad-spectrum tetracycline antibiotic used in the treatment of many infections. In this study, the genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of DOX in cultured human peripheral blood lymphocytes were investigated by measuring chromos...

Kawashima, I.; Ohsumi, J.; Miyadai, K.; Takiguchi, Y., 1992: Function, molecular structure and gene expression of interleukin-11 (IL-11/AGIF). Interleukin-11 (IL-11) is a novel cytokine that was identified in a medium conditioned by the primate bone marrow-derived stromal cell line PU-34. It was originally identified as a growth factor for the IL-6-dependent plasmacytoma cell line T1165....

Jabuonski R.E.; Reifschneider F.J.B.; Takatsu A., 1988: Disease symptoms associated with potato plant infection by erwinia spp. Two isolates of each bacterium Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora (Ecc), E. carotovora subsp. atroseptica (Eca) and E. chrysanthemi (Ech) were inoculated in potted potato plants, which were incubated under controlled conditions. The purpose of t...

Bandara, T.; Hettiarachchi, M.; Liyanage, C.; Amarasena, S.; Wong, W.Wai-Lun., 2016: Body composition among Sri Lankan infants by ¹⁸O dilution method and the validity of anthropometric equations to predict body fat against ¹⁸O dilution. Body composition indicators provide a better guidance for growth and nutritional status of the infants. This study was designed to (1) measure the body composition of the Sri Lankan infants using a reference method, the (18)O dilution method; (2)...