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The effect of halothane on the stability of calcium transport activity of isolated fragmented sarcoplasmic reticulum


, : The effect of halothane on the stability of calcium transport activity of isolated fragmented sarcoplasmic reticulum. Biochemical Pharmacology 29(3): 375-382

The effects of the inhalation anesthetic agent, halothane (CF3CHBrCl), on the stability of the Ca transport system of isolated rabbit white skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum were studied. Ca transport activity was unaffected when suspensions of sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles were preincubated at 37.degree. C and pH 6.8 at concentrations of halothane below 5 mM, but was progressively inactivated at higher concentrations. (Ca2+, Mg2+)-ATPase [EC 3.6.1.3] activity was enhanced during inactivation of Ca transport. At pH 6.3 and 5.8, halothane increased the 1st order rate constants of inactivation and effects were noted in the anesthetic range of concentration (1-2 mM). The inulin inaccessible space of membrane vesicles did not change appreciably during the period of treatment with halothane, excluding increased permeability as an explanation of the inhibition of Ca accumulation. Inactivation was irreversible and highly temperature dependent, with an activation energy of 52.7 kcal/mol. Ca2+ had a protective effect against inactivation (K0.5[half-maximum inactivation constant](Ca2+) = 1.5 .times. 10-6 M), as did ATP (K0.5(ATP) .simeq. 10-6 M). Apparently mild acid conditions and halothane act synergistically during inactivation of the Ca transport system of sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes. Halothane may interact with the (Ca2+, Mg2+)-ATPase protein at the ATP-specific binding site or that it disrupts protein-lipid associations in the membrane. The destabilizing effect of halothane may be modified by the conformational state of the protein.

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