+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

The long and short of it reports of pause occurrence and duration in speech

, : The long and short of it reports of pause occurrence and duration in speech. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 17(1): 19-28

Native speakers of American English and of German listened to a passage several minutes in duration in each language and reported occurrence and duration of pauses. Subjects overestimated occurrence (false positives) and underestimated duration. Overall analyses of variance indicated that Germans reported a higher percentage of pauses than Americans; that a higher percentage of pauses was reported in native than in nonnative passages; that Americans reported a higher percentage of pauses in English passages, whereas Germans' percentages were the same in both languages; that American women reported more false positives than American men, whereas German men reported more than German women; and that Americans and Germans both reported more false positives in English than in German. Detailed analyses of the individual passages yielded reliable differences between Germans and Americans in their reports of pauses in three duration brackets: .ltoreq., 3; > .3, < 1.0; .gtoreq. 1.0 sec. Pause reports of this kind diverge from objectively measured pause data as a function of a number of independent variables and are therefore not to be trusted as objective estimates of either pause occurrence or pause occurrence or pause duration.


PMID: 3367323

DOI: 10.1007/bf01067179

Other references

Jagus, R., 1987: Characterization of in vitro translation products. Methods in Enzymology 152: 296-304

Jiang, H.B.; Ichikawa, Y., 1999: Neuronal nitric oxide synthase catalyzes the reduction of 7-ethoxyresorufin. Nitric oxide synthase (NOS: EC catalyzes L-arginine oxidation to generate nitric oxide (NO) and L-citrulline. Recently, 7-ethoxyresorufin (7-ER), a specific substrate of cytochrome P-4501A1, was used as a cytochrome P-450 inhibitor to...

Brummitt, R.; Ferguson, I., 1969: Index to European taxonomic literature for 1967. Regnum vegetabile: 61

McCarthy, M.D., 1945: Chromosome studies on eight species of Sciara (Diptera) with special reference to chromosome changes of evolutionary significance. i, ii. American Naturalist, 79: 104-121, 228-245

Beltrán, D.; Selma, Mía.V.; Marín, A.; Gil, Mía.I., 2005: Ozonated water extends the shelf life of fresh-cut lettuce. The use of ozonated water as a sanitizer to extend the shelf life of fresh-cut lettuce and the effect on the antioxidant constituents (polyphenols and vitamin C) were investigated. Fresh-cut iceberg lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) was washed at 4 degr...

Fowler, HW., 1972: A catalog of world fishes 16. Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum, 251-2: 1-40

Regueira, F.M.; Cienfuegos, J.A.; Pardo, F.; Hernández, J.L.; Díez-Caballero, A.; Sierra, A.; Nwose, E.; Espí, A.; Baixaulí, J.; Rotellar, F., 1998: Improvement in early function of the hepatic graft after treatment of the donor with N-acetylcysteine: clinical study. Transplantation Proceedings 29(8): 3350-3352

Abele, E.; Stinshoff, H.; Hanstedt, A.; Wilkening, S.; Meinecke-Tillmann, S.; Wrenzycki, C., 2014: Influence of selected (pre-)maturational parameters on in vitro development and sex distribution of bovine embryos. The objectives of this research were to study the influence of a reduced oxygen concentration during in vitro maturation (IVM) and examine the effect of follicular glucose concentration on bovine in vitro development and sex distribution. In the f...

Anonymous, 1950: Wisley Trials 1948-1950. Narcissus at Wisley 1948-1950. Of 125 narcissus varieties planted at Wisley in 1947 and 1948, 22 have been selected for trial as suitable for garden decoration by the Narcissus and Tulip Committee; the remainder were grown for comparison and judgement. This report indicates the...

Hamon, J.; Brown, A.W.A., 1972: Introductory note on the informal consultations on yellow fever in tropical Africa organised at Bobo-Dioulasso, Upper Volta, from 20th to 23rd March 1971, by W.H.O. and the O.C.C.G.E. In this introductory note on the informal consultations on yellow fever in tropical Africa that took place between scientists and doctors under the auspices of WHO and the Organisation de Coordination et de Cooperation pour la lutte contre les Gra...