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The role of cell wall synthesis in sustained auxin induced growth


, : The role of cell wall synthesis in sustained auxin induced growth. Physiologia Plantarum 63(4): 406-412

The dependence of auxin-induced growth on continued cell wall synthesis was investigated in stem segments of etiolated pea (Pisum sativum L. cv. Alaska) seedlings using the cell wall synthesis inhibitors monensin and 2,6-dichlorobenzonitrile (DCB). Monensin (5 .mu.M) potently inhibited IAA-induced growth, particularly during the 2nd hour of treatment, whereas growth in fusicoccin (FC) was inhibited much less effectively. Incorporation of [14C]-glucose into both matrix and cellulose fractions of the wall showed a sharp increase beginning after about 60 min, this rise being promoted by both IAA and FC. Monensin inhibited this rise in incorporation of label and completely removed the promotion of this by IAA, although some promotion by FC remained. Monensin inhibited incorporation into cellulose in a manner similar to that into matrix, but the use of the apparently specific cellulose synthesis inhibitor DCB showed that cellulose synthesis could be strongly inhibited without effect on growth, at least in the short term. Sustained auxin-induced growth depends upon the incorporation of new matrix cell wall components into the wall.

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