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Tiger beetles of the genus cicindela in the sulphur springs valley arizona usa with descriptions of 3 new subspecies cicindelidae coleoptera

, : Tiger beetles of the genus cicindela in the sulphur springs valley arizona usa with descriptions of 3 new subspecies cicindelidae coleoptera. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 41(4): 169-181

The Sulphur Springs Valley of southeastern Arizona [USA] contains a large tiger beetle fauna. Fouteen species of Cicindela (Cicindelidae, Coleoptera) are reported; C. praetextata erronea, C. marutha marutha, C. haemorrhagica, C. ocellata ocellata, C. tenuisignata, C. punctulata chihuahuae, C. nigrocoerulea nigrocoerulea, C. horni horni, C. sedecimpunctata sedecimpunctata, C. pimeriana, C. lemniscata lemniscata, C. debilis, C. obsoleta santaclarae, C. viridisticta arizonensis, and 3 new subspecies C. willistoni sulfontis, C. pulchra dorothea and C. nevadica citata. Ecological associations of each species are detailed and a key is provided for identification. The relationships with other subspecies are mentioned, with special emphasis on the 3 sspp. described. The Cicindela fauna of the valley is shown to be related, for the most part, to the fauna of the mid-Rio Grande River System, indicating that past physical geology of the lower southwest allowed hydrographic flow in an eastward direction, at least as early as the Miocene. In late Pliocene or early Pleistocene, stream flow began going in a westerly direction allowing some migration of species in that direction. This had a limited effect on the tiger beetles of the Sulphur Springs Valley because this valley remained isolated during most of the Pleistocene.


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