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Trans urethral resection of the adenomatous prostate


, : Trans urethral resection of the adenomatous prostate. Journal d'Urologie 88(2): 117-123

A retrospective study of 320 primary resections for benign prostatic hypertrophy is reported. The specimens studied had a mean weight of 30 with only 5% exceeding 50 g. Routine internal urethrotomy of the penile urethra carried out in 62 patients did not prevent urethral stenosis in 2 of them. There were no cases of fluid absorption syndrome, but the immediate (5 cases) or early (10 cases) abundant bleeding was frequent. Only 1/3 of the patients required a transfusion. Septicemia developed in 17 and epididymitis in 6. Septicemia (2 cases), pulmonary embolism (1 case) and cardiac insufficiency (1 case), were the causes of the 4 deaths (1.25%). There were 14 cases of urethral stenosis, 19 of incomplete resection, 1 fibrosis of the prostatic bed and 6 fibrosis of the bladder neck. There were 3 cases of complete incontinence (0.9%). In this series, 80% of the patients undergoing resection had a perfect result, to which could be added 7%, following minor endoscopic re-operation for urethral stenosis or incomplete prostatic resection. The experience of the surgeon and the improvements in equipment appeared to be the 2 essential factors in the improvement of results of endoscopic resection for benign prostatic hypertrophy.

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