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Tritiated p azidopuromycin photoaffinity labeling of escherichia coli ribosomes evidence for site specific interaction at u 2504 and g 2502 in domain v of 23s ribosomal rna


, : Tritiated p azidopuromycin photoaffinity labeling of escherichia coli ribosomes evidence for site specific interaction at u 2504 and g 2502 in domain v of 23s ribosomal rna. Biochemistry 27(11): 3983-3990

Previously we (1) showed that [3H]-p-azidopuromycin was a functional puromycin analogue that, on photolysis in the presence of 70S ribosomes from Escherichia coli, photoincorporated site specifically into proteins L23, L18/22, and L15 [Nicholson, A. W., Hall, C. C., Strycharz, W. A., and Cooperman, B. S. (1982) Biochemistry 21, 3809-3817] and (2) used immunoelectron microscopy to localize the principal sites of p-azidopuromycin photoincorporation within the 50S subunit [Olson, H. M., Nicholson, A. W., Cooperman, B. S., and Glitz, D. G. (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 10326-10331]. These studies are here continued by identification of the principal sites of [3H]-p-azidopuromycin photoincorporation into ribosomal RNA. The major portion of such photoincorporation, 72%, takes place into 23S rRNA. Analysis by hybridization of the photoaffinity-labeled rRNA to restriction enzyme fragments of plasmid pKK3535, which contains rrnB DNA, using a refinement of a recently developed methodology [Hall, C. C., Smith, J. E., and Cooperman, B. S. (1985) Biochemistry 24, 5702-5711], shows that the most prominent [3H]-p-azidopuromycin photoincorporation occurs within bases 2445-2668 in domain V [Noller, H. F. (1984) Annu. Rev. Biochem. 53, 119-162] of 23S rRNA. Photoincorporation into this region is site specific, as demonstrated by the decrease in photoincorporation of radioactivity when unlabeled puromycin is included in the photolysis solution. Significant site-specific photoincorporation also occurs within bases 489-681 in domain II of 23S RNA. Further localization, by the method of reverse transcriptase primer extension [Barta, A., Steiner, G., Brosius, J., Noller, H. F., and Kuechler, E. (1984) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 81, 3607-3611], provides evidence that U-2504 and G-2502 are the principal sites of p-azidopuromycin interaction. These results are considered along with the results of related studies in defining a ribonucleoprotein neighborhood at the peptidyl transferase center.

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