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A comparison of two dimensional ultrasonography and radiography for the detection of small amounts of free peritoneal fluid in the dog


, : A comparison of two dimensional ultrasonography and radiography for the detection of small amounts of free peritoneal fluid in the dog. Veterinary Radiology 30(3): 121-124

The detection of small amounts of free peritoneal fluid in the patient can be a diagnostic dilemma. Ultrasonography and radiography have been advocated to detect intraabdominal fluid not detectable by physical exam. The purpose of this study was to determine the more sensitive method for detecting small amounts of free peritoneal fluid. Ultrasound examinations and radiographs were performed after increments (1 ml/lb body weight) of fluid were injected intraperitoneally. Ultrasonography detected fluid in one animal at 2 ml/lb. All other animals had fluid detected at 3 ml/lb. With radiographs fluid could be detected with a high degree of accuracy at 4 ml/lb. The lateral view was more accurate than the ventrodorsal view in detecting fluid. The authors concluded that ultrasonography is more sensitive than radiography and is the method of choice to detect small amounts of free peritoneal fluid.

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