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A trial using early preoperative administration of cefonicid for antimicrobial prophylaxis with hysterectomies

, : A trial using early preoperative administration of cefonicid for antimicrobial prophylaxis with hysterectomies. Dicp 23(9): 655-658

A single dose of cefonicid given 3.5-5.0 hours or 0.5-1.0 hour preoperatively was compared with cefoxitin given as five doses beginning 0.5-1.0 hour preoperatively for prophylaxis of infection in 202 patients undergoing vaginal or abdominal hysterectomy. The administration of cefonicid 3.5-5.0 hours preoperatively was intended to simulate situations where surgery may be delayed or prolonged. The trial was double-blind, and patients were randomized to one of the three regimens. Operative site infections were noted in 6.2 percent of patients (7/113) who received cefonicid 3.5-5.0 hours preoperatively, in 7.0 percent of patients (3/43) who received cefonicid 0.5-1.0 hour preoperatively, and in 4.3 percent of patients (2/46) who received cefoxitin (p greater than 0.05). Enterococci were isolated most frequently from operative-site infections. When administered 3.5-5.0 hours preoperatively, cefonicid was as effective as more traditional regimens.


PMID: 2678768

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