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Acoustic transmission of the aortic component of the second heart sound within the ascending aorta of dogs


, : Acoustic transmission of the aortic component of the second heart sound within the ascending aorta of dogs. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing 29(4): 381-386

The sepctral characteristics of the acoustic transmission of the aortic component of the second heart sound within the ascending aorta was studied using a Millar dual-micromanometer catheter. The tip micromanometer was located close to the aortic valve leaflets while the second micromanometer was located 3 cm above the aortic valve. The frequency response of the transmission properties (amplitude and phase)of the blood and the aortic wall was modelled by an equivalent acoustic transmission system. The signal recorded by the tip micromanometer located near the aortic valve was considered to be the input signal of the equivalent system and the signal recorded by the second micromanometer was used as the output signal. Results of the spectral analysis of the input and output signals show that the acoustic transmissibility of blood in the ascending aorta is high at 20 Hz (the attenuation is negligible). Between 20 and 60 Hz, the transmissibility decreases at a rate of -3 dB per octave while between 60 and 120 Hz it decreases at a rate of -14 dB per octave. Above 120 Hz the transmissibility is low and the resulting attenuation is greater than 20 dB. The phase of the transfer function is shifted by -60.degree. at 20 Hz and decreases at a mean rate of -2.0.degree. Hz-1 between 20 and 100 Hz and -0.75.degree. Hz-1 up to 400 Hz. The phase velocity of the sound transmission is relatively constant (5.5 m s-1) between 40 and 100 Hz and increases up to 9 ms-1 at 300 Hz.

US$19.90

PMID: 1787753

DOI: 10.1007/bf02441658


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