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Alkylphenol ethoxylates in the environment


, : Alkylphenol ethoxylates in the environment. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 69(7): 695-703

A comprehensive monitoring study, sponsored by the Chemical Manufacturers Association and designed in cooperation with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), measured the levels of nonylphenol (NP) and its ethoxylates (NPE) in 30 rivers. The sites, all receiving municipal or industrial wastewater, were selected at random from EPA's United States river reach database by a statistical procedure. Waster column and bottom sediment samples were collected along a perpendicular transect at each side. All samples were assayed for NP and NPE1, and the higher ethoxylates (NPE2 to NPE17) were determined in the water samples. Analysis was by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorescence detection of microgram quantities of NPE obtained by extractive steam distillation (NP and NPE1) or a dual-column extraction procedure (NPE2 to NPE17). Sample collection and analytical procedures were validated according to rigorous EPA guidelines, and quality assurance standards were met throughout the study. NP and NPE concentrations in river water were mostly (60 to 75% of the samples) below their detection limits (about 0.1 ppb for NP, NPE1, and NPE2; 1.6 ppb for NPE3-17). The highest levels found were about 1 ppb for NP, NPE1, and NPE2, 15 ppb for NPE3-17. A majority of sediment samples contained detectable amounts of NP and NPE1, ranging up to 3000 ppb, for NP and 170 ppb for NPE1. Sediment interstitial water concentrations of NP were estimated to be similar to concentrations in the water column.

US$19.90

DOI: 10.1007/bf02635812


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