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Brassilexin accumulation and resistance to leptosphaeria maculans in brassica spp and progeny of an interspecific cross brassica juncea x brassica napus


, : Brassilexin accumulation and resistance to leptosphaeria maculans in brassica spp and progeny of an interspecific cross brassica juncea x brassica napus. Euphytica 46(2): 175-181

Resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans was assessed in Brassica napus, B. juncea, B. carinata, B. nigra and progeny issuing from an interspecific cross B. napus .times. B. juncea, using a cotyledon-inoculation test. In these individual plants, brassilexin accumulation was determined following an abiotic, non-specific, elicitation. All the tested B. napus cultivars were highly susceptible to the parasite and weakly accumulated brassilexin. In contrast, B. juncea, B. carinata, and B. nigra usually displayed a hypersensitive response to the inoculation and accumulated more brassilexin than B. napus. The same correlation between resistance to L. maculans and phytoalexin accumulation was observed in the interspecific hybrid progeny. The cotyledon-inoculation test allowed the discrimination of plants displaying a hypersensitive response to the inoculation from those highly sensitive to the parasite, but intermediate disease severity classes were not usually representative of resistance or susceptibility. In this respect, brassilexin determination allowed differentiation, within a set of plants presenting an intermediate response to the pathogen, of plants with a high (B. juncea-like), and with a weak (B. napus-like) ability to accumulate brassilexin.

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