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Characteristics of recurrent genital herpes simplex infections in pregnant women

, : Characteristics of recurrent genital herpes simplex infections in pregnant women. Obstetrics & Gynecology 73(3 PART 1): 367-372

Longitudinal study of 229 pregnancies in 186 pregnant women with recurrent genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections revealed an increased incidence of recurrent episodes in the third trimester compared with the first or second trimesters. The duration of symptomatic recurrences did not change with each trimester. Cervical HSV shedding concomitant with HSV culture-positive vulvar lesions did not change significantly with advancing gestation. The presence of an HSV culture-positive vulvar lesion indicated a significantly (P < .001) greater risk of concomitant cervical HSV shedding (44 of 333, 13.2%) than in pregnant women with HSV culture-positive remote lesions (zero of 60) or in asymptomatic women (27 of 1460, 1.9%). Comparison of the characteristics among 43 pairs of pregnancies in 34 women revealed no consistent change over time. This study of the natural history of genital HSV recurrences in pregnant women demonstrated no proclivity for an increased rate of preterm delivery (1.3%) or congenital anomalies (2.2%) in a predominantly white, non-Hispanic middle-class population.


PMID: 2536912

DOI: 10.1016/0020-7292(89)90245-2

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