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Clinical and histopathological considerations for the diagnosis and treatment of verrucous carcinoma of the larynx

, : Clinical and histopathological considerations for the diagnosis and treatment of verrucous carcinoma of the larynx. Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 246(3): 126-132

Verrucous carcinoma of the larynx is quite distinct from well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma and has a characteristic morphology and specific clinical behavior. It accounts for approximately 1%-2% of all laryngeal carcinomas. However, difficulties are encountered clinically in separating verrucous carcinomas from keratoses, verruca vulgaris and squamous cell carcinomas with a verrucous appearance. Between 1962 and 1982, 1504 patients with squamous cell carcinomas of the larynx were diagnosed and treated by staff physicians in the Department of Otolaryngology.sbd.Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University in St. Louis. Fifteen of these patients (1%) had verrucous carcinomas. These cases were studied in order to clarify any diagnostic problems, trace the biologic behavior of the tumors and report the results of the treatment used. Of these 15 patients, we were able to follow up 8. The latter had been treated only with surgery and none of them had received radiotherapy. One death occurred, but the patient died of other causes and remained free of cancer. Reports in the literature describe a high rate of recurrence of verrucous carcinomas following radiotherapy with occasional anaplastic transformation of tumors. No patients in our series developed a metastasis in the neck, indicating that neck dissection is not justified for patients with these neoplasms even though clinically enlarged neck nodes may be present.


PMID: 2757559

DOI: 10.1007/bf00456652

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