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Concurrent fast and slow synchronized efferent phrenic activities in time and frequency domain


, : Concurrent fast and slow synchronized efferent phrenic activities in time and frequency domain. Brain Research 528(1): 1-11

In urethane-anesthetized or decerebrated vagotomized rabbits efferent multifiber activity of the phrenic nerve was investigated for synchronized activities both in time and frequency domains. When respiratory drive was steadily increased by either an elevation of end-tidal CO2 concentration or i.v. administration of 4-aminopyridine, medium-frequency oscillations (MFO) first increased, then decreased and finally became absent. The power of high-frequency oscillations (HFO) steadily rose with increasing respiratory drive. In contrast to HFO which revealed a unimodal spectral peak of mostly small bandwidth, the MFO spectrum in most cases consisted of a broad complex. This complex in some cases was composed of two distinct peaks, i.e. MFO were heterogenous. The low- and high-frequency fractions of the MFO complex were related predominantly to the first and last third of inspiration, respectively. Examination of the on-going multifiber activity of the phrenic nerve with an expanded time scale revealed that lower frequency MFO probably result from synchronized ramp-like wave activity during early and mid-inspiration. The duration of the observed ramps well matched the corresponding MFO frequency. We suggest that these ramps might result from propagated synchronized waves of high-threshold phrenic motoneurons. During the last part of inspiration, however, MFO, like HFO, resulted from burst-like synchronized discharge of phrenic motoneurons. Thus HFO are superimposed on ramp-like and burst-like activity of the MFO. It is assumed that the decline of MFO at high respiratory drive may be due to the increasing strength of HFO bursts which interrupt ramp activity in the MFO range and thus let MFO appear 'invisible ' to the recording electrode. Both MFO and HFO were visually detectable in postinspiration.

US$19.90

PMID: 2123123

DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(90)90187-g


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