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Contribution to the functions of scent marking behavior in the warthog phacochoerus aethiopicus


, : Contribution to the functions of scent marking behavior in the warthog phacochoerus aethiopicus. Zeitschrift fuer Saeugetierkunde 54(2): 111-122

Scent marking activities of free ranging warthogs (Phacochoerus aethiopicus) were studied in the Masai Mara National Reserve, Kenya. In addition to ad lib.-sampling focal animals were followed continuously and marking events, their social context and the spatial distribution of marks were recorded. Marking frequencies of females increase in peripheral regions of their home range, while marking of males correlates more with their social activities. Males frequently in fights, and especially during the rut their marking activity increases drastically. They regularly mark the sleeping dens of matriarchal sounders, and cover the urine of estrous females with their own urine.

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