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Determinants of maximum oxygen consumption in rats after high intensity sprint training


, : Determinants of maximum oxygen consumption in rats after high intensity sprint training. Journal of Applied Physiology 66(1): 195-201

The hemodynamic response to maximal exercise was determined in rats that were subjected to high-intensity sprint training (HIST) and rats that served as sedentary controls. Training consisted of five 1-min bouts of treadmill running at work loads (15% grade, 97 m/min) in excess of the animals' maximal O2 uptake (.ovrhdot.VO2max) interspersed with 90 s of rest. Training was performed 6 days/wk for 6 wk. After the training regimen, all rats were acutely instrumented with catheters in the right carotid artery and right ventricle. O2 uptakes, hemodynamic parameters, arterial and mixed venous O2 concentrations, blood gases, and acid-base status were determined at rest and during submaximal and maximal exercise. Results demonstrated that .ovrhdot.VO2max of HIST rats was significantly greater than that found for sedentary control rats. This increase in .ovrhdot.VO2max was due to an increase in maximal cardiac output (.ovrhdot.Qmax), since maximal arteriovenous O2 difference was similar between trained and sedentary rats. The increase in .ovrhdot.Qmax was due to an increase in maximal stroke volume (SVmax), because maximal heart rate in trained rats was similar to that in sedentary control rats. Citrate synthase and phosphofructokinase activities measured in the white gastrocnemius, plantaris, and soleus muscles of trained and sedentary rats were similar. These results suggest that the increase in .ovrhdot.VO2max produced with HIST in rats is strongly linked to an increase in central cardiac function as indicated by an increase in .ovrhdot.Qmax and SVmax.

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