geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Drugs to decrease alcohol drinking


, : Drugs to decrease alcohol drinking. Annals of Medicine 22(5): 357-362

A wide variety of drugs have been tested in experimental animals and several have been found that reduce voluntary alcohol drinking. The available evidence suggested that the same drugs also reduce alcohol drinking in alcoholics. Various factors limited or prevented the clinical use of the these drugs. Our working hypothesis has been that alcohol drinking is a learned response, reinforced primarily from alcohol in the brain, and that an alcoholic is a person in which this response and the related craving have become so strong that they dominate the behaviour and interfere with normal functioning. Learned responses are extinguished if they are made repeatedly while the reinforcement is blocked, and opiate antagonists appear to block the reinforcement from alcohol. A series of experiments support the hypothesis that drinking alcohol while an antagonist is present extinguishes the alcohol-drinking response in rats. The antagonists are non-addictive and at least naloxone appears to be safe. Clinical trials are now needed, but the present results suggest that this extinction procedure might be a useful adjunct to the treatment of alcoholism.

US$19.90

PMID: 2291844

DOI: 10.3109/07853899009147920


Other references

Mavris, M.; Sansonetti, P.J.; Parsot, C., 2002: Identification of the cis-acting site involved in activation of promoters regulated by activity of the type III secretion apparatus in Shigella flexneri. Bacteria of Shigella spp. use a virulence plasmid-encoded type III secretion (TTS) system to invade the colonic epithelium in humans. The activity of the TTS apparatus is tightly regulated in the wild-type strain and is induced upon contact of bac...

Parasassi, T.; Yu, W.; Durbin, D.; Kuriashkina, L.; Gratton, E.; Maeda, N.; Ursini, F., 2000: Two-photon microscopy of aorta fibers shows proteolysis induced by LDL hydroperoxides. Oxidatively modified LDL mimics several aspects of atherogenesis. In this disease, degradation of the matrix proteins' network also occurs. By a new morphological ex vivo approach, not requiring sample processing, we explored the relationship...

Afshar, A.; Dulac, G.C.; Riva, J., 1992: Comparison of a dipstick ELISA and competitive ELISA for detection of antibodies to bluetongue viruses in cattle blood samples. A blocking (b) ELISA that uses bluetongue (BLU) antigen bound to nitrocellulose paper (NC) mounted in the windows of "Cerex" dipsticks and a MAb against a group-specific antigen of BLU virus is described for the detection of anti-BLU vir...

He, B.; Oki, K.; Wang, Y.; Oki, T., 2009: Using remotely sensed imagery to estimate potential annual pollutant loads in river basins. Land cover changes around river basins have caused serious environmental degradation in global surface water areas, in which the direct monitoring and numerical modeling is inherently difficult. Prediction of pollutant loads is therefore crucial t...

Lamba, D.S.ith, D., 1982: Involving rural children in environment and development issues: a case study from Kenya Education projects. Education for environmental planning and conservation: edited proceedings International Conference on Environmental Education editors D Bandhu NL Ramanathan: 274

Kolehmainen, E.; Sormunen, R., 1998: Myelin basic protein induces morphological changes in the endocrine pancreas. To evaluate effects of circulating myelin basic protein (MBP) on the endocrine pancreas, we injected bovine MBP to Djungarian hamsters and studied the morphological changes induced by MBP and its immunocytochemical distribution by electron microsc...

Nienhuis, PH., 1978: Lake Grevelingen: a case study of ecosystem changes in a closed estuary. Hydrobiological Bulletin, 123-4: 246-259

Hertz, R.P.; Unger, A.N.; Lustik, M.; Mcdonald, M.; Kagan, L.; Baker, C.L., 2002: Controlling hypertension in the United States workforce Understanding prevalence, awareness, and persistence with pharmacotherapy. American Journal of Hypertension 15(4 Part 2): 144A-145A, April

Richardson, D.S.; Pawson, R.; Kelsey, S.M.; Pagliuca, A.; Hoque, S.; Breuer, J.; Mufti, G.J.; Newland, A.C., 1996: Therapy of adult T-cell leukaemia/lymphoma Experience of two London Hospitals. British Journal of Haematology 93(SUPPL 2): 308

Marsh, E.J.; Dolan, P.O.; Balota, D.A.; Roediger, H.L., 2004: Part-set cuing effects in younger and older adults. In 3 experiments, the authors examined part-set cuing effects in younger and older adults. Participants heard lists of category exemplars and later recalled them. Recall was uncued or cued with a subset of studied items. In Experiment 1, participa...