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E1A induces phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein independently of direct physical association between the E1A and retinoblastoma products


, : E1A induces phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein independently of direct physical association between the E1A and retinoblastoma products. Molecular and Cellular Biology 11(8): 4253-4265

We have studied the initial effects of adenovirus E1A expression on the retinoblastoma (RB) gene product in normal quiescent cells. Although binding of the E1A products to pRB could, in theory, make pRB phosphorylation unnecessary for cell cycle progression, we have found that the 12S wild-type E1A product is capable of inducing phosphorylation of pRB in normal quiescent cells. The induction of pRB phosphorylation correlates with E1A-mediated induction of p34cdc2 expression and kinase activity, consistent with the possibility that p34cdc2 is a pRB kinase. Expression of simian virus 40 T antigen induces similar effects. Induction of pRB phosphorylation is independent of the pRB binding activity of the E1A products; E1A domain 2 mutants do not bind detectable levels of pRB but remain competent to induce pRB phosphorylation and to activate cdc2 protein kinase expression and activity. Although the kinetics of induction are slower, domain 2 mutants induce wild-type levels of pRB phosphorylation and host cell DNA synthesis and yet fail to induce cell proliferation. These results imply that direct physical interaction between the RB and E1A products does not play a required role in the early stages of E1A-mediated cell cycle induction and that pRB phosphorylation is not, of itself, sufficient to allow quiescent cells to divide. These results suggest that the E1A products do not need to bind pRB in order to stimulate resting cells to enter the cell cycle. Indeed, a more important role of the RB binding activity of the E1A products may be to prevent dividing cells from returning to G0.

US$19.90

PMID: 1830128

DOI: 10.1128/mcb.11.8.4253


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