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Ecology and behavior of kitti's hog nosed bat craseonycteris thonglongyai in western thailand


, : Ecology and behavior of kitti's hog nosed bat craseonycteris thonglongyai in western thailand. Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society 38(2): 135-162

The ecology and behavior of a colony of Craseonycteris thonglongyai was studied during November, 1984 to May, 1986. Craseonycteris was found to have two short foraging periods, one around dawn and another at dusk. The mean duration of activity was 18 min in the morning and 30 min in the evening. The bats used specific flyways to reach their foraging areas which were less than 1 km from the cave. The nunmbers of bats using each flyway changed daily and seasonally. The foraging periods of the bats also varied seasonally. Craseonycteris appeared very sensitive to changes in environmental conditions; low temperature and heavy rains inhibited foraging activity. Recommendations and guidelines are given concerning minimizing disturbance to the roosting caves and foraging areas, future research, and the establishment of a long term population monitoring program and an education center.

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