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Fluoroscopically guided percutaneous transrenal electroincision of ureterointestinal anastomotic strictures

, : Fluoroscopically guided percutaneous transrenal electroincision of ureterointestinal anastomotic strictures. Journal of Urology 147(3): 578-581

A new technique for electroincision of a strictured ureterointestinal anastomosis is described that uses a sphincterotome and high frequency current. After placement of a percutaneous nephrostomy tube a 7F "wire guided" sphincterotome was placed into the stenosis. The cutting wire was then deflected while cutting current was applied intermittently. Injection of contrast medium through the papillotome probe assessed the depth of the incision. A 10 mm. angioplasty balloon was inflated at low pressure to verify that the anastomosis had been incised to a depth of 1 cm. The anastomosis was then stented for 8 weeks with an 18F stent. The operative time did not exceed 45 minutes. A total of 9 stenoses was treated in 7 patients: 4 were ileal conduit diversions and 5 were enterocystoplasties. No immediate complication was observed. In 1 case a small urinoma was surgically drained at removal of the stent. Six stenoses are patent with 2, 3, 4, 4, 10 and 13 months of followup after removal of the stent. One patient died of bladder tumor metastases during the stenting period and 1 with bilateral incision still has a stent. The technique can be performed without major complication (bleeding or digestive fistula). Long-term results remain to be assessed.


PMID: 1538432

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