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Goniometric measurement of hip motion in cycling while standing


, : Goniometric measurement of hip motion in cycling while standing. Journal of Biomechanics 23(7): 687-703

The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument for quantifying the motion of the hip relative to the bicycle while cycling in the standing position. Because of the need to measure hip motion on the road as well as in the laboratory, a goniometer which locates the hip using spherical coordinates was designed. The goniometer is presented first, followed by the development of the equations that enable the distance from the joint center to the pedal spindle to be determined. The orientation of this line segment is specified by calculating two angles referenced to the frame. Also outlined are the procedures used to both calibrate the goniometer and perform an accuracy check. The results of this check indicate that the attachment point of the goniometer to the rider can be located to within 2.5 mm of the true position. The goniometer was used to record the hip movement patterns of six subjects who cycled in the standing position on a treadmill. Representative results from one test subject who cycled at 6% grade and 25 km h-1 are presented. Results indicate that the bicycle is leaned from side to side with the frequency of leaning equal to the frequency of pedalling. Extreme lean angles are .+-.6.degree. The distance from the hip to the pedal varies approximately sinusoidally with frequency equal to pedalling rate and amplitude somewhat less than crank arm length. The absolute elevation of the hip, however, exhibits two cycles for each crank cycle. Asymmetry in the plot of elevation over a single crank cycle indicates that the pelvis rocks from side to side and that the elevation of the pelvis midpoint changes. Extreme values of the pelvis rocking angle are .+-.12.degree. Highest pelvis midpoint elevations, however, do not occur at the same crank angles as those angles at which the pelvis rocking is extreme. It appears that the vertical motion of the hips affects pedalling mechanics when cycling in the standing position.

US$19.90

PMID: 2384484

DOI: 10.1016/0021-9290(90)90168-3


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