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Gradual reduction of coronary perfusion pressure in cats: changes in transmural distribution of blood flow

, : Gradual reduction of coronary perfusion pressure in cats: changes in transmural distribution of blood flow. Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation 50(7): 787-796

We evaluated a model for regional myocardial hypoperfusion in cats with an extracorporeal shunt line to the left main coronary artery, and investigated the effects of reduced coronary perfusion pressure on the transmural distribution of left ventricular blood flow measured with radioactive microspheres. Shunt establishment did not alter cardiac function, myocardial tissue blood flow, or its transmural distribution. An artificial shunt stenosis, which clearly reduced coronary perfusion pressure without changing cardiac function, caused reduced endocardial blood flow, slight flow reduction in mid-myocardium, and no flow change in the epicardium. When a severe stenosis was applied, causing increased end-diastolic pressure and reduced shunt flow, endocardial and mid-myocardial flow further decreased whereas epicardial blood flow remained essentially unchanged. These results demonstrate a transmural profile of the coronary autoregulation capacity.


PMID: 2293341

DOI: 10.1080/00365519009091074

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