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Grain yield of wheat triticum aestivum and changes in available nutrient status as affected by different fodders grown in rotation and nitrogen rates in sandy loam soil


, : Grain yield of wheat triticum aestivum and changes in available nutrient status as affected by different fodders grown in rotation and nitrogen rates in sandy loam soil. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 60(5): 312-316

A field experiment was conducted during 1982-86 to study the effect of fodder crops and N application on grain yield of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L. emend. Fiori and Paol.) and changes in properties of a sandy-loam soil (typic Ustochrept). The treatment comprising a fallow and combination of fodders (cereal, legumes and legumes + cereal) grown during summer and the rainy seasons in succession followed by 'WL-1562' wheat in winter receiving N @ 0, 90, 120 and 150 kg/ha. Maximum green fodder yields of 'Hybrid F2' pearlmillet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br. emend. Stuntz] + 'No. 10' cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] were recorded (35.5 and 16.0 tonnes/ha) during the summer and rainy season respectively. The yield of wheat in the no-N plots was higher (2.11-2.25 tonnes/ha) when the preceding crops were 'Hybrid F2' maize (Zea mays L.) or fodder maize + 'No. 10' cowpea mixture. The wheat yield was higher (3.44 tonns/ha) in N-fertilized plots following cowpea. Pearlmillet and 'SL 44' sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] were more exhaustive crops for soil N. The yield of wheat increased significantly up to 90 kg N/ha. Organic carbon increased with an increase in N levels and the maximum accumulation was in cowpea and 'FS 277' clusterbean [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taubert] (fodder)-wheat rotation. In soil, P and K decreased with successive increase of N rates but increased in maize (fodder)-wheat rotation.

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