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Granular phenoloxidase involved in cuticular melanization in the tobacco hornworm regulation of its synthesis in the epidermis by juvenile hormone

, : Granular phenoloxidase involved in cuticular melanization in the tobacco hornworm regulation of its synthesis in the epidermis by juvenile hormone. Developmental Biology 130(1): 87-97

The granular phenoloxidase (PO) that is responsible for cuticular melanization in Manduca sexta larva was purified and an antibody was prepared. This granular PO was found to consist of four isozymes of 90 kDa with isoelectric points ranging from 5.7 to 5.85. The enzyme was immunologically and electrophoretically distinct from the cuticular wound PO, a second cuticular PO common to all larval cuticle, and the hemolymph PO. Both [14C]mannose and [14C]sialic acid were incorporated into the granular PO, showing that this granular PO was a glycoprotein whose sugar moiety was a complex oligosaccharide. When no juvenile hormone (JH) was present at the head capsule slippage (HCS) stage, the epidermis began synthesizing PO 6 hr later. This epidermal synthesis was maximal 12 h after HCS at which time the PO appeared to the cuticle, and then synthesis declined. When synthesis ceased about 23 hr after HCS, no further incorporation into the cuticle was observed. As melanization proceeded, immunologically detectable cuticular PO decreased. Application of 0.1 .mu.g JH I at the time of HCS inhibited synthesis of PO by the epidermis and thus prevented melanization. JH application after PO synthesis had begun (8 hr after HCS) prevented its subsequent synthesis, causing partial melanization. Thus, the absence of JH is necessary during the period of epidermal synthesis of the granular PO to allow complete melanization.


PMID: 3141233

DOI: 10.1016/0012-1606(88)90416-2

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