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Localization of the amino terminal methionine of rat liver cytochrome p 450 in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum


, : Localization of the amino terminal methionine of rat liver cytochrome p 450 in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1063(2): 235-241

Recent cumulative evidence suggests that liver microsomal cytochrome P-450 (P-450) is exposed to the cytosol with the exception of the N-terminal peptide (amino acid residues 1 to 21), or two peptides (residues 1 to 60). We tested the localization of the N-terminal methionine residue of P-450IIB1 of rat liver microsomes in the natural membrane with the site-specific reagent fluorescein isothiocyanate. The N-terminus of isolated P-450 was stoichiometrically modified in solution with fluorescein isothiocyanate. In intact microsomes, the N-terminus was not modified but became accessible to the reagent when the membrane was dissolved with Triton X-100. Our results indicate that the N-terminus faces the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum, and we propose that P-450 spans the membrane only once with amino acid residues 1 to 21.

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