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Molecular cloning of a complementary dna for human pregnancy specific beta 1 glycoprotein homology with human carcinoembryonic antigen and related proteins


, : Molecular cloning of a complementary dna for human pregnancy specific beta 1 glycoprotein homology with human carcinoembryonic antigen and related proteins. Gene (Amsterdam) 71(2): 439-450

Human pregnancy-specific .beta.1-glycoprotein (SP1) plays an essential role in normal pregnancy. It is also a well-characterized oncodevelopmental antigen, expressed aberrantly by all trophoblastic tumors and some other malignant cell types. Here we report the identification of a human placental cDNA encoding the SP1 polypeptide sequence. The coding sequence shows 95% identity at the nucleotide level with a distinct, recently published SP1 cDNA sequence (PSG16). Unexpectedly, the sequence is also highly homologous to the published sequence of human carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). SP1, CEA and CEA-related nonspecific cross-reacting species thus belong to a group of closely related though antigenically diverse tumor-associated glycoproteins. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequence of the SP1 cDNA with that of CEA provides insight into the modular nature of these related proteins. This may have implications for the genomic organization and evolution of the CEA gene family.

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