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Transport of the multidrug resistance modulators verapamil and azidopine in wild type and daunorubicin resistant ehrlich ascites tumor cells

, : Transport of the multidrug resistance modulators verapamil and azidopine in wild type and daunorubicin resistant ehrlich ascites tumor cells. British Journal of Cancer 62(1): 37-41

Verapamil has been proposed to modulate the multidrug resistance phenotype by competitive inhibition of an energy dependent efflux of cytotoxic drug. However, the accumulation of both 14C-verapamil and 3H-verapamil was similar in wild type EHR2 and multidrug resistant EHR2/DNR + Ehrlich ascites cells, and was much less in both cell lines in energy deprived medium than in medium containing glucose. Azidopine accumulation was also similar in both EHR2 and EHR2/DNR + cells but, in contrast to verapamil, did not differ significantly with changes in cellular energy levels. Azidopine photolabelled a 170 kDa protein in EHR2/DHR + plasma membrane vesicles which was immunoprecipitated by monoclonal antibody towards P-glycoprotein. Azidopine increased daunorubicin accumulation and modulated vincristine resistance in EHR2/DNR + cells in a similar fashion to verapamil. Azidopine photolabelling was inhibited by vincristine and verapamil, but not by daunorubicin. Vincristine, but not daunorubicin, was able to increase both azidopine and verapmil accumulation in EHR2/DNR + cells only. Finally, though both verapamil and azidopine are a substrate for P-glycoprotein in EHR2/DNR + cells, they do not themselves appear to be transported by the multidrug resistance efflux mechanism to any significant extent in these cells.


PMID: 1975202

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