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Visual perception of surface curvature the spin variation and its physiological implications

, : Visual perception of surface curvature the spin variation and its physiological implications. Biological Cybernetics. 62(3): 211-224

In the context of the models of structure from motion visual processing, we propose that the optic-flow field is a source of information for the perception of the curvature of a smooth surface in motion. In particular, it is shown how the spin variation (SV), a second spatial derivative of the retinal velocity field, is mathematically related to the curvature of the surface. Under the hypothesis that the visual system relies on SV to analyse the structure of a moving surface, a neural scheme for SV detection is proposed and psychophysical predictions are developed. Results obtained on artificial images show that the SV scheme presents a rather weak sensitivity to noise in conditions of low image velocity.


PMID: 2302430

DOI: 10.1007/bf00198096

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