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An iodoacetamide spin-label selectively labels a cysteine side chain in an occluded site on the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase

, : An iodoacetamide spin-label selectively labels a cysteine side chain in an occluded site on the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase. Biochemistry 32(40): 10803-10811

Sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles were labeled with [14C]iodoacetamide spin-label (ISL) under conditions where time courses of the reaction predicted that one amino acid residue would be preferentially labeled. Solubilized tryptic peptides were separated by high-performance liquid chromatography following extensive digestion, and amino acid sequences were determined for major and minor radio-labeled peptides. Only one radio-labeled residue, Cys-674 on the Ca(2+)-ATPase, could be identified. Extensive incubation with excess label increased nonspecific labeling, but did not produce detectable amounts of any other reactive side chain residue. Time courses of the iodoacetamide spin-label reaction were compared to those of 6-(iodoacetamido)fluorescein (IAF), and the ISL reaction was found to be more selective, in accordance with previous studies showing that IAF labeled both Cys-674 and Cys-670 [Bishop, J. E., Squire, T. C., Bigelow, D. J., & Inesi, G. (1988) Biochemistry 27, 5233-5240]. Titrations with spin-broadening reagents NiCl2 and Ni-EDTA showed Cys-674 to be in a region with very low solvent accessibility. These titrations also showed the ATPase to be distributed between two alternating conformations based on the accessibility of the label to NiCl2.


PMID: 8399229

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