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Aortobronchial fistula 13 years following repair of aortic transection

, : Aortobronchial fistula 13 years following repair of aortic transection. Chest 106(5): 1590-1594

We describe a 56-year-old man with the new onset of hemoptysis, increasing in frequency and magnitude, initially diagnosed and treated as pulmonary embolism. Bronchoscopy, computed tomography, and thoracic aortography were performed twice before the diagnosis was made. Thirteen years previously, the patient underwent thoracic aortic interposition graft placement for aortic laceration as a result of a motor vehicle accident. The second aortogram demonstrated a small pseudoaneurysm at the expected proximal graft suture line. Aortobronchial fistula, a rare cause of hemoptysis, was diagnosed. The patient underwent successful resection of the graft and placement of a new dacron interposition graft. All cultures, including blood, sputum, and operative specimen cultures, were negative. The patient is alive and well 1 year following surgery.


PMID: 7956427

DOI: 10.1378/chest.106.5.1590

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