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Blood pressure in prospective population based cohort of newborn and infant twins

, : Blood pressure in prospective population based cohort of newborn and infant twins. Bmj 308(6924): 298-302

Objective-To describe blood pressure in twins during infancy. Design-Prospective study of cohort of twins. Setting-Teaching hospital in Florida. Subjects-166 viable twin pairs born between July 1976 and December 1989. Main outcome measures-Blood pressure and body weight at birth, at 14 days, and at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Results-Both systolic and diastolic pressure correlated with body weight throughout infancy (at birth r = 0.41, P lt 0.001 and r = 0.42, P lt 0.001 respectively; at 1 year r=0.23, P lt 0.001 and r=0.26, P lt 0.001 respectively). In infants weighing lt 1500 g at birth mean blood pressure rose from about 45/25 mm Hg to 101/55 mm Hg from birth to the age of 1 year, while in infants weighing gt 3000 g at birth it rose from 63/39 mm Hg to 100/61 mm Hg; corresponding mean body weights at 1 year were 7/86 kg and 9/88 kg. Differences in birth weight within pairs of monozygotic twins were negatively correlated with such differences in systolic blood pressure at 1 year (r = - 0.37, P lt 0.01). Conclusions-Blood pressure and body weights in twins showed strongly positive but generally declining correlations throughout infancy. Twins of lower birth weight showed a more rapid rate of rise in blood pressure during infancy. At 1 year the catch up in blood pressure exceeded that in body weight. Greater differences in birth weights between monozygotic twins were associated with smaller differences in systolic blood pressure at 1 year, suggesting that intrauterine environmental factors related to birth weight are important in determining blood pressure in infancy.


PMID: 8124117

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