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Differential responses of human papillary and reticular fibroblasts to growth factors

, : Differential responses of human papillary and reticular fibroblasts to growth factors. American Journal of the Medical Sciences 305(4): 203-207

Differences in the responses to growth factors of normal fibroblasts and scleroderma fibroblasts have been demonstrated previously. Because human dermal fibroblasts are heterogeneous populations, whether known differences between papillary and reticular dermal fibroblasts could account for the noted differences between normal and scleroderma fibroblasts was investigated. Papillary dermal fibroblasts were grown from a dermatome section of normal skin from an adult donor. Reticular dermal fibroblasts were cultured from punch biopsy specimens taken from the same location. In vitro, papillary dermal fibroblasts proliferated more rapidly, had a higher mitotic index and reached greater density at confluence, confirming previous observations. The reticular dermal fibroblasts were more dendritic. Reticular dermal fibroblasts had higher rates of tritiated thymidine uptake and larger increases in mitotic index in response to isoforms of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). The characteristic response of scleroderma fibroblasts, potentiation of the mitogenicity of PDGF AA by transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), was not observed in either cell type. Therefore, the phenotypic characteristics of scleroderma fibroblasts cannot be explained by an unusual admixture of papillary and reticular fibroblasts.


PMID: 8475944

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