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Disparate effects of biphasic and monophasic shocks on postshock refractory period dispersion


, : Disparate effects of biphasic and monophasic shocks on postshock refractory period dispersion. American Journal of Physiology 274(6 Pt 2): H1943-9

The magnitude by which a defibrillation shock extends the refractory period immediately postshock (refractory period extension, RPE) does not explain why biphasic shocks defibrillate with greater efficacy than monophasic shocks. It may be that spatial heterogeneity of RPE is a more important regulator of defibrillation efficacy. We measured RPE in 15 pentobarbital-anesthetized swine using 400-V biphasic and monophasic shocks of equal pulse duration at three discrete myocardial sites. Spatial heterogeneity of RPE was calculated as the difference between the maximum and minimum values of the three recording sites. Monophasic shocks produced greater magnitude of RPE than biphasic shocks at all sites tested (82 +/- 6 to 99 +/- 13 and 64 +/- 6 to 68 +/- 5 ms, respectively; P < 0.05). However, RPE dispersion was significantly less with biphasic shocks versus monophasic shocks (29 +/- 4 and 48 +/- 7 ms, respectively; P < 0.05). This suggests that one potential mechanism by which biphasic shocks defibrillate with greater efficacy is limiting postshock spatial heterogeneity of refractoriness. Thus these data support our hypothesis that RPE heterogeneity is a more likely predictor of defibrillation efficacy than magnitude of RPE.

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PMID: 9841521


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