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Effect of furosemide on local and zonal glomerular filtration rate in the rat kidney

, : Effect of furosemide on local and zonal glomerular filtration rate in the rat kidney. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 155(1): 99-107

Furosemide has been reported to produce disproportional changes in blood flow in cortical zones and to inhibit tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF), suggesting that furosemide might alter the intracortical distribution of glomerular filtrate. We have tested this hypothesis by a new method for measuring local and total glomerular filtration rate (GFR) based on proximal tubular accumulation of the basic polypeptide aprotinin (mol wt 6513). Local GFR was calculated in tissue samples dissected from outer cortex (OC), inner cortex (IC) and the corticomedullary border zone (CM) from the plasma clearances of two aprotinin tracers injected i.v. before and after a 3 min i.v. infusion of 25 mg kg-1 furosemide. The mean of five samples from each region was used to determine zonal GFR. Isotonic saline was infused at a rate corresponding to urine flow. Furosemide reduced whole kidney GFR from 1.17 to 1.00 mL min-1 and gave a similar reduction of renal artery blood flow. Urine flow increased from 0.6 to 17% of GFR. Haematocrit (approximately 0.48) and plasma protein concentration (approximately 55 mg mL-1) were maintained while the arterial blood pressure tended to decline (118 +/- 5 mmHg to 108 +/- 6 mmHg, P < 0.05). GFR in OC, IC and CM (1.58, 1.18, 0.42 mL min-1 g-1) fell to 87, 88 and 88% of control after furosemide infusion respectively. The furosemide/control ratio for each sample showed a coefficient of variation of about 3%. We conclude that furosemide produced a modest GFR reduction that was uniform throughout the renal cortex. The homogenous GFR response suggests a similar TGF constriction tone in preglomerular vessels of deep and superficial nephrons.


PMID: 8553883

DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-1716.1995.tb09952.x

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