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Effects of flow, perfusion pressure, and oxygen consumption on cardiac capillary exchange

, : Effects of flow, perfusion pressure, and oxygen consumption on cardiac capillary exchange. Journal of Applied Physiology 78(4): 1350-1359

The roles of blood flow, local oxygen consumption, and perfusion pressure on cardiac transcapillary exchange were characterized in closed-chest anesthetized dogs by use of the multiple-indicator dilution technique. Occlusion of the carotid arteries or injection of dipyridamole increased coronary flow to significantly higher values compared with a group of animals in a basal state obtained in a previous study. Carotid occlusion resulted in a significant increase in perfusion pressure and myocardial oxygen consumption, whereas these two variables were significantly reduced after dipyridamole. For the whole group of animals, the capillary permeability-surface area product for sucrose increased with coronary flow, which appeared to be the important controller for this microcirculatory exchange parameter. Perfusion pressure and myocardial oxygen consumption also regulated permeability-surface area product values, although to a lesser extent than flow. The heterogeneity of transit times in the capillaries was reduced at high coronary flow values, despite large differences in the cardiac utilization of oxygen. The data suggest that cardiac capillary exchange responds mostly to hemodynamic changes originating at the precapillary level.


PMID: 7615442

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