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Elastase and lactoferrin in gingival crevicular fluid: Possible indicators of a granulocyte-associated specific host response

, : Elastase and lactoferrin in gingival crevicular fluid: Possible indicators of a granulocyte-associated specific host response. Journal of Periodontal Research 29(4): 276-282

Periodontitis affects a limited number of susceptible humans. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a difference in the inflammatory reaction between patients with gingivitis and those with periodontitis. For this purpose the levels of elastase and lactoferrin were measured in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) from three types of sites: i) inflamed sites in patients with gingivitis alone, inflamed sites both ii) with and iii) without tissue destruction in patients with periodontitis. Elastase activity, measured with a chromogenic substrate was significantly higher in the two types of sites in periodontitis patients. Lactoferrin levels, measured with ELISA were the same in the three types of sites. In vitro activation of granulocytes from healthy volunteers with Fc-receptor stimulation showed that the entire release of lactoferrin occurred immediately. In contrast, elastase release was time-dependent and continued throughout the experiment. Thus, the degranulation of the specific (lactoferrin) and azurophil granule (elastase) are under separate control and the two parameters can be combined in a ratio in order to characterize the granulocytes of a given patient. Assuming an immediate release of lactoferrin from the activated granulocytes in vivo, similar amounts of lactoferrin in the three types of sites can be regarded as reflecting similar numbers of granulocytes in the three types of sites. Consequently, a higher elastase activity in GCF from patients with periodontitis indicates a higher rate of release from the cells per se and a granulocyte-associated specific host response.


PMID: 7932021

DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0765.1994.tb01222.x

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