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Elicitation of Alexandrium ostenfeldii (Dinophyceae) affects the toxin profile


, : Elicitation of Alexandrium ostenfeldii (Dinophyceae) affects the toxin profile. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology C Pharmacology Toxicology and Endocrinology 111(3): 405-412

Batch cultures of the dinoflagellate Alexandrium ostenfeldii (Paulsen) Balech et Tangen were characterized by an exponential growth phase ending after 10 days. Three different paralytic shellfish poison (PSP) toxin patterns (A, B, and C) occurred at days 3, 6 and 10, respectively. The main toxins in pattern A were: 53% GTX6, 26% C4, 17% GTX5; B: 62% GTX4, 17% GTX6, 16% C3; C: 31% GTX4, 28% GTX6, 26% C4, 13% C3. Batch cultures (with identical pattern A) were challenged (elicted) on day 3 with various organic compounds and extracts of Alexandrium tamarense. After elicitation each toxin concentration changed on both day 6 and 10. A causal relation between properties of the elicitor and the resulting toxin pattern could not be established. It is proposed that toxins responding with small relative standard variations from the mean concentration (STX, neoSTX, GTX3, GTX4, GTX6 and C3) are characteristic for the batch culture. Toxins with high variability (GTX1, GTX2, GTX5, C2 and C4) change concentration as a result of stress provoked by the elicitors. The toxicity (estimated from standard values) of some elicited cultures had increased by a factor of 4 on day 10 indicating that stimulation of blooms of A. ostenfeldii may have substantial consequences regarding the problem of paralytic shellfish poisoning.

US$19.90

DOI: 10.1016/0742-8413(95)00067-4


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