geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Epidemiologic association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and intracranial hemorrhage in preterm infants


, : Epidemiologic association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and intracranial hemorrhage in preterm infants. Journal Of Pediatrics. 127(3): 472-478

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on the risk of intracranial hemorrhage in preterm infants (born at 24 to 33 weeks of gestation). We conducted a case-control study of 96 preterm infants with intracranial hemorrhage and 96 gestational age-matched control subjects with negative cranial ultrasonographic findings. In conditional multiple logistic regression models, heavy maternal smoking ( gt 10 cigarettes per day) during the latter half of pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of mild (grade I or II) intracranial hemorrhage (odds ratio = 5.96%, 95% confidence interval 1.72 to 20.76; p = 0.005). After adjustment for the confounding effect of birth weight and respiratory distress syndrome, the risk of any intracranial hemorrhage (grade I to IV) was three times higher (adjusted odds ratio = 3.63, 95% confidence interval 1.37 to 9.63; p = 0.009) In infants of heavy smokers ( gt 10 cigarettes per day) than In control subjects. The results of this study indicate that cigarette smoking during the latter half of pregnancy increases the risk of intracranial hemorrhage in preterm infants. The deleterious effect of smoking was greater for mild hemorrhages (grade I or II) and was confined to infants of heavy smokers.

US$19.90

PMID: 7658283

DOI: 10.1016/s0022-3476(95)70085-4


Other references

Fitzwater, William D., 1943: Color marking of mammals, with special reference to squirrels. Nyazol A, a commercial fur dye was applied to deer mice, chipmunks, red and gray squirrels, woodchucks, and rabbits, producing dark purplish-black marks visible to 25 yards and persisting until subsequent molt. By broad cross bands on the front, m...

Ravelli, D.; Zema, M.; Mella, M.; Fagnoni, M.; Albini, A., 2010: Benzoyl radicals from (hetero)aromatic aldehydes. Decatungstate photocatalyzed synthesis of substituted aromatic ketones. Benzoyl radicals are generated directly from (hetero)aromatic aldehydes upon tetrabutylammonium decatungstate ((n-Bu(4)N)(4)W(10)O(32)), TBADT) photocatalysis under mild conditions. In the presence of alpha,beta-unsaturated esters, ketones and nit...

Wei, S.; Liu, M.; Huang, B.; Bi, X.; Sheng, G.; Fu, J., 2011: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with molecular weight 302 in PM 2.5 at two industrial sites in South China. Daytime and nighttime PM(2.5) samples were collected between August 5 and 16, 2009 and between January 24 and February 4, 2010 in an industrial complex site (site A) and an electronic waste recycling site (site B) to determine the seasonal and diu...

Gosselin, M.; Dazé, Y.; Mireault, P.; Crahes, M., 2017: Toxic Myocarditis Caused by Acetaminophen in a Multidrug Overdose. We report the case of an 18-year-old woman with personality disorders who was hospitalized a few hours after suicidal ingestion of acetaminophen, quetiapine, acetylsalicylic acid, and ethanol. Twelve hours after admission, severe liver damage was...

Godman G.C., 1971: Effect of chloramphenicol on synthesis of cytochromes in hela cells and l cells. Federation Proceedings: 458

Hassan, Z.; Sultana, M.; van Breukelen, B.M.; Khan, S.I.; Röling, W.F.M., 2015: Diverse arsenic- and iron-cycling microbial communities in arsenic-contaminated aquifers used for drinking water in Bangladesh. Subsurface removal of arsenic by injection with oxygenated groundwater has been proposed as a viable technology for obtaining 'safe' drinking water in Bangladesh. While the oxidation of ferrous iron to solid ferric iron minerals, to whic...

Wang, S.S.; Gisin, B.F.; Winter, D.P.; Makofske, R.; Kulesha, I.D.; Tzougraki, C.; Meienhofer, J., 1977: Facile synthesis of amino acid and peptide esters under mild conditions via cesium salts. A facile procedure for the preparation of a wide variety of esters derived from protected amino acids and peptides under mild conditions is described. The carboxylic acid to be esterified is first titrated to pH 7 with cesium carbonate or cesium b...

Yopp, J.K.ishnamani, M.; Bozzola, J.R.chardson, J.M.ers, O.K.ubek, B., 1986: Presumptive role of a pathovar of Xanthomonas in sudden death syndrome of soybean. Microbios letters2(126): 75-79

Leschen R.A.B.; Allen R.T., 1987: Range extension and biology of endomychobius flavipes r hymenoptera pteromalidae. A new distribution from Arkansas [USA] is reported for Endomychobius flavipes E. flavipes parasites were reared host larvae Endomychus biguttatus from collections made during the spring of 1986. A total of 20 adult wasps emerged from three beetle...

Yao, N-Juan.; Chen, J-Wen.; Yang, Z-Jun.; Wang, H-Zhou., 2007: Laser-induced breakdown spectrometer--a new tool for quick analysis of on-the-spot sample in metallurgy. In metallurgical steel making a quick analysis of on-the-spot sample is required to know the process of steel making. A new-type spectrometer, laser-induced breakdown spectrometer developed by ourselves, was presented in the present paper. A Nd :...