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Evidence that rapamycin inhibits interleukin-12-induced proliferation of activated T lymphocytes

, : Evidence that rapamycin inhibits interleukin-12-induced proliferation of activated T lymphocytes. Transplantation 58(10): 1091-1096

Interleukin 12 is a heterodimeric cytokine involved in the regulation of natural killer cell and T lymphocyte responses. In previous studies, we found that IL-12 induces proliferation of T cells only after co-stimulation with lectin, alloantigen, or anti-CD3 antibody. The IL-2-mediated proliferation of long-term T cell lines generated in this fashion is typically insensitive to the immunosuppressive agent, cyclosporine but sensitive to rapamycin. In this study, we examined the effect of cyclosporine and rapamycin on T cells responsive to IL-12. For long-term cultured T cell lines stimulated with phytohemagglutinin, alloantigen, or solid-phase anti-CD3 antibody, rapamycin blocked IL-12-induced proliferation to background levels. Culture in cyclosporine produced minimal inhibition of IL-12-induced T cell proliferation. Freshly isolated CD3+ cells did not proliferate in response to IL-12, nor did culture of these cells in IL-12 lead to upregulation of IL-2 receptor. These data suggest that the effect of IL-12, an important growth regulator for activated T lymphocytes, may involve late cellular activation events.


PMID: 7974715

DOI: 10.1097/00007890-199411270-00006

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