geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Home treatment for chronic respiratory failure in children: a prospective study


, : Home treatment for chronic respiratory failure in children: a prospective study. European Respiratory Journal 8(12): 2062-2066

Home treatment for children with chronic respiratory failure (CRF) is increasing. However, the causes of CRF in children and the details of their home treatment are not well-known. The aim of this study was to describe the causes of CRF in the paediatric population and the treatments that the patients received at home. We surveyed all children (aged < or = 18 yrs) entering the Association Nationale pour le Traitement à Domicile de l'Insuffisance Respiratoire chronique (ANTADIR) for home treatment of CRF between March 1992 and March 1993. Two hundred and eighty seven children (178 boys, 62%) started home treatment for CRF during the year. One hundred and eleven patients had obstructive respiratory disease: cystic fibrosis (CF) (n = 24); bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) (n = 79); other obstructive respiratory disease (n = 8). One hundred and seventy six patients had restrictive lung disease: neuromuscular disease (n = 87); kyphoscoliosis (n = 21); pulmonary fibrosis (n = 6); cardiac disease (n = 14); stomatological disease (n = 10); other restrictive respiratory disease (n = 9); and 29 miscellaneous causes. One hundred and thirteen patients received oxygen therapy, with a mean daily use of 17.7 h (20 h.day-1 for BPD patients and 12.3 h.day-1 for CF patients). Oxygen was delivered by a concentrator in 88% of cases. One hundred and fifty eight children received mechanical ventilation (MV). Five children received nasal continuous positive airway pressure ventilation for sleep apnoea, four had pneumatic belt ventilation, and 12 had a tracheostomy without MV. Treatment was stopped in 21 children, because of death in nine and improvement in the other 12. Home treatment for children with CRF is well developed in France via the ANTADIR network. Causes of CRF in children are heterogeneous, with a relatively good prognosis.

US$29.90

PMID: 8666101


Other references

Nedjatpoor M.; Stoffers P.; Glasby G.P., 1985: Influence of aging effects on manganese nodule mineralogy. Neues Jahrbuch fuer Mineralogie Monatshefte

Salomonsen, F., 1935: Zur Dia-lektbildung bei der Goldammer. (Em-beriza citrinella L.). Anzeiger Orn Ges Bayern, 2(no. 9: 346-351

Sheikh, N., 2003: Technology evaluation: CC49 humanized radioimmunoconjugates, National Cancer Institute. The National Cancer Institute and the University of Alabama are developing radiolabeled humanized versions of the anticarcinoma monoclonal antibody CC49 devoid of the CH2 domain (designated HuCC49 delta CH2). The antibody is currently undergoing p...

Erard, C.; Petit, P., 1969: La Grue cendree. Courrier de la Nature, 11: 100-105

LaRosa, G.J.; Thomas, K.M.; Kaufmann, M.E.; Mark, R.; White, M.; Taylor, L.; Gray, G.; Witt, D.; Navarro, J., 1992: Amino terminus of the interleukin-8 receptor is a major determinant of receptor subtype specificity. Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a key mediator in the migration of neutrophils from the circulation to the site of inflammation in the tissue. IL-8 is secreted by many cell types in response to proinflammatory stimuli such as interleukin 1, tumor necrosis...

Maher, M.; Carpenter, SM., 1984: Benthic studies of waterfowl breeding habitat in south-western New South Wales 2 Chironomid populations. The dynamics of chironomid populations in waterfowl breeding habitat were investigated. Of 12 spp. recorded, Chironomus 'alternans a', C. tepperi, Kiefferulus intertinctus, Polypedilum nubifer and Procladius villosimanus were common in t...

Ago, K.; Ago, M.; Ogata, M., 2004: The distribution of diatoms in Yoronjima and application of the diatom test for the diagnosis of death by drowning in open sea islands. The distribution of diatoms in Yoronjima was investigated as a model study to evaluate the application of diatom testing for the diagnosis of death by drowning off islands located in the open sea. Sea water samples were collected at 10 sites off Y...

Ortmann, O.; Pagani, O.; Jones, A.; Maass, N.; Noss, D.; Rugo, H.; van de Velde, C.; Aapro, M.; Coleman, R., 2011: Which factors should be taken into account in perimenopausal women with early breast cancer who may become eligible for an aromatase inhibitor? Recommendations of an expert panel. Menopausal status is a major consideration in adjuvant breast cancer therapy. The variable onset and duration of the menopausal transition and the poor predictive value of bleeding patterns and hormone levels mean many women fall naturally into a...

Reich, H., 1974: Poikiloderma. Definition and history of a concept uniting ophthalmology, dermatology and internal medicine. Medizinische Klinik 69(28-29): 1209-1216

Hoshmand, A.Rez, 1994: Experimental research design and analysis A practical approach for agricultural and natural sciences. This book is a guide to the basic design and analysis of agricultural and natural science experiments intended for students and applied researchers of agricultural and natural sciences. Highlighted are the foundations of design and analysis as wel...