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Hydroxyapatite impregnated bone cement: in vitro and in vivo studies


, : Hydroxyapatite impregnated bone cement: in vitro and in vivo studies. Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering 7(2): 129-140

Hydroxyapatite (HA) particle impregnated polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) bone cement was fabricated in order to induce bony tissue ingrowth into the pores left behind by resorption of the HA. The amount of HA was 0%, 10%, and 30% by weight. After mixing the HA with bone cement it was cast in a 4 mm inside diameter glass tube (10 mm long). Each specimen was cut into half and used for in vitro and in vivo experiment. Diametral tensile and flexural bend tests were made to evaluate its mechanical properties. SEM (scanning electron microscope) and ESCA (electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis) were used to evaluate the surface characteristics of the specimen. Push-out test and histology studies were made after implanting the specimens for six weeks in the distal portion of rabbit femur. The mechanical test results showed significant decrease of the flexural and diametral tensile strength linear with the increased amount of HA (p < 0.05). The SEM and ESCA analyses showed no definite exposure of HA particles on the surface of the specimens due to the covering by PMMA. The interfacial shear strength of the implanted specimens showed significant increases in the 30% HA specimens compared with the 0% ones but the 10% specimens did not show any difference. Histological observation showed little HA particle apposition to new bone in 10% specimens but more in the 30% ones. In conclusion, this study showed the decreased mechanical properties both by increasing the amount of HA particles and with the bone particles impregnated bone cement. In vivo study showed much lower interfacial shear strength due to implant site compared to other studies but the 30% HA specimens showed statistically significant increase in the push-out strength after implanting into the distal end of rabbit femora.

US$29.90

PMID: 9262826


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