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Immunohistochemical demonstration of 15-lipoxygenase in transplant coronary artery disease


, : Immunohistochemical demonstration of 15-lipoxygenase in transplant coronary artery disease. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology 15(3): 340-348

15-Lipoxygenase (15-LO) catalyzes the oxygenation of arachidonic and linoleic acids and has been implicated in the oxidative modification of low-density lipoproteins (LDL). 15-LO mRNA and protein have previously been demonstrated in macrophages of rabbit and human atherosclerotic lesions. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether 15-LO is also present in the accelerated form of coronary artery disease that can complicate cardiac transplantation (TCAD). Immunohistochemical analysis of coronary arteries with TCAD was carried out by using a rabbit polyclonal antibody raised against human recombinant 15-LO and an avidin-biotin-immunoperoxidase system. Normal coronary and pulmonary arteries showed no immunostaining for 15-LO. Two different types of TCAD were observed. One type consisted of concentric intimal proliferation of smooth muscle cells, without lipid or calcium deposits. No immunoreactivity for 15-LO was present in these lesions. The second type of graft arteriosclerosis consisted of complex atheromatous lesions, containing myointimal cells, lipid-laden foam cells, fragmented internal elastic laminae, and calcifications. 15-LO immunostaining of myointimal cells, lipid-laden foam cells, and endothelial cells was consistently present in these atheromatous lesions. The majority of the myointimal and foam cells positive for 15-LO were recognized by antisera to alpha-smooth muscle actin; the others were identified as macrophages. The results indicate that 15-LO expression is present in endothelial, myointimal, and foam cells in complex atheromatous lesions of TCAD, and suggest that 15-LO may play a role in the pathogenesis of this form of the disease.

US$29.90

PMID: 7749844


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