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Immunohistochemical detection of aberrant p53 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma: Correlation with cell proliferative activity indices, including mitotic index and MIB-1 immunostaining

, : Immunohistochemical detection of aberrant p53 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma: Correlation with cell proliferative activity indices, including mitotic index and MIB-1 immunostaining. Human Pathology 26(3): 326-333

We analyzed the p53 expression immunohistochemically in 50 specimens of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using two monoclonal antibodies (DO7 and PAb1801) and one polyclonal antibody (CM1), which recognize both wild and mutant type p53 proteins and can be used for paraffin-embedded sections. Fifteen of the 50 HCC specimens (30%) showed p53 expression localized at tumor nuclei, and this expression was significantly more frequent in HCCs with histologically lower differentiation. Except for serum titers of alpha-fetoprotein, the p53 expression had no statistically significant correlation with clinicopathological parameters, including hepatitis virus infection, tumor size, and background liver diseases. Conversely, the cell proliferative activities of tumor cells as assessed by mitotic index and immunostaining for MIB-1 were well correlated with the grade of histological differentiation. Moreover, MIB-1 immunostaining was shown to be useful in distinguishing well differentiated HCC from hepatocytes in chronic liver diseases. It also was shown that p53 expression was strongly associated with cell proliferative activity. Our results indicate that p53 expression takes place in the late stage of tumor progression and is related to the high malignant potential of HCCs.


PMID: 7890286

DOI: 10.1016/0046-8177(95)90066-7

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