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Immunohistochemical detection of p53 in archival formalin-fixed tissues of lip and intraoral squamous cell carcinomas from Norway

, : Immunohistochemical detection of p53 in archival formalin-fixed tissues of lip and intraoral squamous cell carcinomas from Norway. Apmis. 105(10): 757-764

We investigated the expression of p53 in 82 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded archival tissue specimens of lip and intraoral squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) from the period 1930-1995, by immunohistochemistry using three monoclonal antibodies (MAbs DO-7, DO-1 and 1801). Before incubation, sections were pretreated with 0.1% Protease enzyme at 37 degrees C for 10 min followed by 5 + 5 min microwave oven heating at 700 W and 425 W, respectively. Formalin-fixed tissues of 10 carcinomas of the uterine cervix positive for p53 were used as controls. With one or more of the three MAbs, p53 was expressed in 73% of the 82 SCCs examined. With only protease enzyme pretreatment or microwave oven heating, p53 was expressed in 9/82 and 12/82 of the SCCs, respectively. Of the 82 SCCs, 60%, 45% and 23% expressed p53 with DO-7, DO-1 and 1801, respectively. The kappa coefficient indicated poor agreement between these results for the antibodies, and for lip and intraoral SCCs, except for p53 expression in intraoral SCCs demonstrated by DO-1/1801, which showed fair agreement. The present study suggests that combined protease pretreatment and microwave oven heating of tissue sections improved unmasking of p53 antigenic sites in archival material stored for up to 65 years.


PMID: 9368590

DOI: 10.1111/j.1699-0463.1997.tb05081.x

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