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Immunohistochemical detection of secretoneurin, a novel neuropeptide endoproteolytically processed from secretogranin II, in normal human endocrine and neuronal tissues

, : Immunohistochemical detection of secretoneurin, a novel neuropeptide endoproteolytically processed from secretogranin II, in normal human endocrine and neuronal tissues. Histochemical Journal. 27(6): 473-481

An antiserum raised against a synthetic peptide derived from the primary amino sequence of rat secretogranin II (chromogranin C) was used for immunological (quantitative radioimmunoassay analysis) and immunohistochemical studies of normal human endocrine and nervous tissues. This antibody recognized a novel and biologically active neuropeptide which was coined as secretoneurin. In endocrine tissues, secretoneurin was mainly co-localized with chromogranin A and B with some exceptions (e.g., parathyroid gland). Secretoneurin was demonstrated immunohistochemically in the adrenal medulla, thyroid C cells, TSH- and FSH/LH-producing cells of the anterior pituitary, A and B cells of pancreatic islets, in endocrine cells of the gastrointestinal tract and the bronchial mucosa, and the prostate. Immunoreactivity determined by radioimmunoassay analysis revealed high secretoneurin levels in the anterior and posterior pituitary and lower levels in pancreatic and thyroid tissue. A strong secretoneurin immunoreactivity was also found in ganglion cells of the submucosal and myenteric plexus of the gastrointestinal tract, and in ganglionic cells of dorsal root ganglia, peripheral nerves, and ganglion cells of the adrenal medulla. Thus, secretoneurin may serve as a useful marker of gangliocytic/neuronal differentiation.


PMID: 7558897

DOI: 10.1007/bf00173713

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